Thanks Dr. Pina Thank you. It makes me wonder if this will change. There seems to be a slight trend, or at least I believe there may be, towards the Ed.D. moving towards a professional focus. There seems to be more Ed.D. programs requiring a doctoral study instead of the traditional dissertation. Of course the doctoral study is the exception and not the rule at this time. But what about twenty years from now? I may be wrong about this. Moreover, both dissertation and doctoral study Ed.D. graduates are skilled in research methods. Again, thank you--you always have something informative and enlightening to share. P.S. even us with the Ed.S. have a fair amount of research method skills. But I have seen many Ed.S. programs structured more like a second master's degree. Not at Liberty University --we do take a good portion of the Ed.D. research level coursework. That amazes me in the differences in the Ed.S. programs.