Not trying to rekindle an argument here - but I found what I consider to be a good article from an International source on Master propio degrees. It's in English. https://acei-global.blog/2015/05/28/spain-understanding-and-evaluating-the-titulo-propio/ It repeats much of what's been said and generally agreed to. If you're actually going to need an American evaluation, there's one statement here that makes me wonder what an evaluator might say: "Titulos propios are not considered part of the formal higher education structure as they do not have academic recognition of the MEC." (That's the Ministry - J.) So, if they're not part of the structure, is an evaluator going to even look at it? I dunno. Only restrictions in Spain - as you all say, Government jobs and PhD studies. And you don't necessarily need a bachelor's first -whatever the institution allows is fine.