First Philosophiae Doctor degree awarded in Paris, 1150 C.E. No Philosophiae Doctor awards in subjects other than Philosophy until 17th century, in Germany at which time the entire Arts faculty was referred to as "Philosophy" for doctoral degree-granting purposes. Again, in Germany, in the early 19th Century, The Ph.D. was reinvented in its current form, as a research degree. First Medicinae Doctor(es) - Medieval Europe, much the same time-frame. Certainly, not every physician was required to have this degree. Many countries stuck with the Bachelor's degree to qualify for medical practice. University of Glasgow conferred the first MD in Britain in 1703. England stayed with the Bachelor's degree for a long time. In some countries, the MD is a first professional degree. In others it is a "higher" doctorate; not required of every physician. J.