Wait a minute - we've been here before. Here's a five-page thread about ALL the same players, from University of Dąbrowa Górnicza to ABMS/OUS to Taras Shevchenko U. https://www.degreeinfo.com/index.php?threads/taras-shevchenko-national-open-university-kyiv-ukraine.50727/ Complete with Stanislav's apt comments. Wonders! Looks like my memory is still intact. How'd that happen? University of Dąbrowa Górnicza has about SIXTY dual-degree programs with other universities. Mintaru commented above that ABMS/OUS seemed to be "collecting" dual programs and asked for what reason. Same reason as University of Dąbrowa Górnicza, I'd venture: M-O-N-E-Y, plain and simple. "You validate me, I'll validate you and we'll all rake in the coin." If it's a race to collect dual programs, my money's on University of Dąbrowa Górnicza to take gold. ABMS/OUS for silver! Universidad Central de Nicaragua might have a shot at bronze - it's climbing fast in the Dual Validation rankings! IIRC, UCEN has a professor from a private university (in Austria, maybe?) on board - a name I can't recall instantly, but I do remember he has quite a track record in creating these partnerships. Yes - I think that's win, place and show - all figured out. Remember what happened to University of Wales, back around 2011, after it had validated 200+ overseas programs, with little or no oversight. 800 years of history notwithstanding, it IMPLODED. A while back, Mintaru told us about the German word "Bulimielernen." Perhaps there should be a new German/English term for these dual/triple programs - "BOGOstudium." J.