Re: many That is why it makes me confusing! WIDU/AEI, even in private nature, should have some academic purposes/missions. Otherwise, it cann't have such many famous people, including scientists and scholars, to have Grand PhD title. Pls see: http://www.stup.ac.ru/tosite/eai/page/doctor_kom.htm . It showed all rectors/senate of Penza State University are holding Grand PhD title. From http://www.stup.ac.ru/tosite/eai/page/penz_otdel.htm , the page even explained: The European Academy of Informatization - AEI, created by Royal Decree, in accordance with the Charter, signed by Minister of Justice of Belgium, provides training and awards the degrees of M.S., Ph.D., Grand Ph.D., Penza State University provides training specialists with higher education and has state accreditation for awarding such degrees as B.S., M.S., valid on the territory of Russia. Also, from http://www.stup.ac.ru/tosite/eai/page/present.htm , a paragraph described: The European and American Universities have the right to award a degree of the doctor of philosophy. The degree grandee of the doctor of philosophy is awarded only AEI. It can be ïðèñóæäåíà to the expert having degree Ph. D, 100 scientific works which have published more, participated in preparation and certification 10-20 Ph. D. And saved up experience in the decision of Global Problems. Does it imply AEI's Grand PhD is superior to PhD of other European and American Universities?