On another note, criminal justice is itself a kind of strange duck academically speaking. One can make a pretty cogent argument that society defines what are crimes and therefore who are criminals. So can there even be any objective science as criminal justice to study? This is not a trivial question. It is also not a question a mere JD is equipped to answer. I will say that I don't agree with Bentham that inalienable rights are "nonsense on stilts" but I don't know how to escape from the inevitable philosophical box. I didn't learn that even in my LLM studies!