It has been brought to my attention that the Kansas Behavioral Sciences Board has denied psychologists licenses to graduates of Capella and Walden Universities, primarily because the residencies of these programs are not "equivalent" to those at a Kansas state university. (The rulings are posted at: http://www.ksbsrb.org/public.html, scroll down to Distance Learning.) Both rulings were appealed to the Kansas state courts and upheld. Now I realize there is a sizable cadre of people who simply cannot be convinced that learning anything online is legitimate. Still, I am perplexed by these rulings. My understanding of university "residency requirement" is that it usually falls under one of two categories: certifying one lives in a state in order to receive in-state tuition completing a certain number of classes in order to receive that institution's degree. Obviously, it is #2 that is the contention in these cases. However, I have never read anything in a residency requirement that stipulates -- or even insinuates -- that one must literally be physically on campus. Ironically, the only time I have seen such a specifically worded requirement is for online programs. As many threads here demonstrate, often people are looking for distance-delivered programs that do not require physical attendence of some form. Both Capella and Walden do require physical attendence at a collection of colloquia to provide some "face time" which is important in a professional psychology program. Curiously, on a website discussing distance learning for members of the military, the entry for Kansas State University has this to say about residency: Does K-State have a residency requirement? The residency requirement is 25% of the degree you are completing. If you are military and have a SOCAD agreement, the requirement to receive the last 30 hours from K-State is waived. However, 25% of your classes must be taken from K-State. So, it appears Kansas State University itself does not require physical presence only a certain number of that university's courses completed. Does this strike anyone else as a convenient, but twisted, interpretation of residency?