I don't know that it does. (1) 5 years of a doctoral program at UNISA can cost that, or close - and 5 or more years for a distance doctorate at UNISA is by no means uncommon. One thing we have to agree on: UNISA is about as low-cost as a good school gets, tuition-wise (2) At what University in Canada do you pay $16K or less for a Doctorate? I don't know of any. If you think $16K US is expensive for a Canadian, ask yourself - how expensive would that amount be for Zambians? Average net monthly salary there is $1,367 US.