United Kingdom To award the research doctorates under distance supervision is a common practice in United Kingdom. Listed below are the universities which offer DL doctorates with or without residency. For research & teaching quality of each institution, please check Research Assessment Exercise (RAE). It is an UK nation-wide quality assessment conducted once every five years. Aston University Coventry University De Montfort University www.le.ac.uk International Management Centres Accredited by the British Accreditation Council for Independent Further and Higher Education (BAC) and DETC Degrees will be validated by Uiversity of Surrey, Oxford Brookes University and Southern Cross University (Australia) Anglia Polytechnic University(Some PhD by publication) Keele University (Industrial Relations) Lancaster University (PhD by published work; Candidates for the degree of Ph.D. by submission of published work must be members of staff at Lancaster University) Leeds Metropolitan University Manchester Metropolitan University Middlesex University Open University Oxford Brookes University (short residency doctorates and PhD by published work) South Bank University Thames Valley University University of Aberdeen University of Buckingham (PhD by published work. Candidates seeking the degree of DPhil on the basis of published work must be graduates of the University of Buckingham or members of staff of the University of Buckingham.) University of Bradford University of Brighton University of Derby (PhD by Published Work) University of Dundee University of Durham University of Edinburgh University of Essex (Language & Linguistics) University of Glamorgan (by Publication or Portfolio) University of Glasgow University of Greenwich (PhD by Published Work) University of Kent University of London (only accepts its own graduates) University of Luton Leedsmet University University of Manchester (PhD by Published Work; A significant proportion of the work presented must have been carried out while the candidate was employed as a member of the academic staff of this University.) University of Newcastle University of Salford (Corporate Communications Management) University of Sheffield (Research Away Program) University of Stirling University of Strathclyde University of Sunderland University of Surrey Roehampton - PhD by Published Works University of Sussex - Professional Doctorate in Education University of Teesside - by distance learning or completed work University of Ulster - PhD by Published Work and distance learning University of the West of England University of Wales (read the comments about part-time external study) University of Warwick University of Westminster Some will have more stringent residency. Oxford-Brookes wants six weeks a year (asking). Bradford and Leedsmet have discounted international tuition for those doiing research in their home country. Remember it takes $2 for one pound.