Is a J.D. equal to a LL. B.? I do not think so. In many countries a LL. B. is the first law degree a person obtains either after an undergraduate degree (such as B.A. in Political Science) or a two year degree (A.A. in some countries). A LL. B. program does not include the practical aspects of law. This includes the theory of evidence, presentation of evidence, remedies, analytical and persuasive writing, etc., That is why a LL. B. program could be completed in less than 2 years. Thus, in many countries, a LL. B. graduate can sit and pass the bar examination after gaining few years of experience. On the other hand, a J.D. diploma holder can take the bar examination immediately after graduation. Once the gradute has passed the bar examination, the graduate is eligible to start the professional practice of law immediately. This is the reason why foreign LL. B. holders must meet other requirements before being accepted to take the bar examination in any state. Some states require that the LL. B. holder must be a member of the bar in the country where the holder received the LL. B. degree before they can sit for the bar examination. I agree that most lawyers do not call themself as "Drs!" However, an attorney who also has another doctorate degree such as a Ph. D. is usually addressed as a "Dr." by clients, and usually by judges. This is extremely common in the matters where the attorney is an expert witness in a court or if the attorney is an educator or panel or board member. If the judge knows that the attorney is called a "Dr." usually the judge addresses the attorney a "Dr." Personally, I know several attorneys who have other doctorates in medicine, psychology, humanities and international law. All of them like to be addressed a "Dr." instead of a "Mr."